兩公婆累鬥累|鼻鼾聲隨時係睡眠窒息症 免費網上講座問真啲

更新時間 (HKT): 2021.05.11 02:00

特約報道|睡覺扯鼻鼾看似是和伴侶及朋友閒談話題 - 有時我與太太討論到這個問題,她總喜歡先播放她手機中我的鼻鼾聲錄音。她坦言如果我在她熟睡後打鼻鼾不是問題,但我若比她先睡着,鼻鼾聲卻會讓她不能安眠。那麼對於打鼻鼾者又有甚麼影響?只不過製造一點噪音?還是有着更嚴重後果?

習慣性或原發性鼻鼾與睡眠呼吸障礙

習慣性或原發性鼻鼾可能是睡眠呼吸障礙的主要症狀,可以是單一病症,亦可以和睡眠呼吸障礙的其他症狀同時出現。睡眠呼吸障礙其實包括從習慣性或原發性鼻鼾(簡稱PS)到睡眠窒息症(簡稱OSA)[1] 等一系列睡眠障礙。原發性鼻鼾是指睡夢中因上呼吸道震動而產生鼻鼾但沒有呼吸受阻 [2] 的症狀。睡眠窒息症指睡眠時呼吸重複受阻停頓,或因上呼吸道部份受阻,而持續超過10秒 [3]。睡眠窒息指數(簡稱AHI)以每小時出現呼吸受阻的次數劃分嚴重程度,指數高於5便可界定為睡眠窒息症 [4]。

為了進一步了解鼻鼾,澳洲在2006年進行了一項以人口為對象的縱貫性研究 [5],發現13%的成人在14年間出現習慣性鼻鼾。與習慣性鼻鼾相關的因素包括性別、肥胖、吸煙習慣,以及是否患上哮喘,另外一項在2011年進行的研究 [6]亦顯示鼻鼾與總死亡率上升有着重要關係。因此如果你有持續打鼻鼾,最好找醫生檢查一下。

長期患上睡眠窒息症之後果

假如缺乏治療,長期患上睡眠窒息症有機會造成心臟病 [8] [9]、代謝紊亂 [10]、認知障礙 [11] 和抑鬱症[12]等。睡眠窒息症長期患者亦會出現生產力下降、涉及工業和交通意外而造成傷亡 [13] [14] [15]。長期患上睡眠窒息症可能產生嚴重後果 [16] [17],應該及時施以適當治療,才能紓緩病徵 [18] [19],減少出現後遺症 [20] [21]的機會。

想知道如何初步評估自己有否患上睡眠窒息症?如何可以保持良好的睡眠質素?以至有關睡眠窒息症的種種問題?一直提供睡眠窒息症診療及治療方案的專家ResMed,將會舉辦「更好的睡眠。更好的表現 。」網上講座,內容包括:

1. 睡眠量Vs睡眠質量

2. 睡眠不足如何影響工作表現及引發慢性疾病

3. 睡眠窒息症分享過來人體驗

4. 睡得更好的秘訣

主持人阿Bob將會聯同香港中文大學醫學院呼吸系統科專科醫生吳素珊,一齊解答大家對睡眠窒息症的疑問,參加網上講座的人士更可獲得$100百佳現金禮券#。

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